USQUE, SOLOMON (c. 1530–c. 1596), Portuguese poet of Marrano descent; probably born in Portugal, he spent most of his life in Italy and later in Turkey. It is believed that he was the son of abraham usque , who printed the Ferrara Bible. In collaboration with Lazzaro di Graziano Levi, Solomon Usque wrote the earliest known Jewish drama written in the vernacular – a Purim play in Spanish entitled Esther, first staged in the Venice ghetto in 1558. leone modena , a nephew of Lazzaro Levi, was responsible for an Italian version of the play early in the 17th century. Usque published a much-admired Spanish translation of the final part of Petrarch's sonnets (Venice, 1567); many copies appearing under the contracted pseudonym of Salusque Lusitano (i.e., Solomon Usque the Portuguese). This edition, which did much to spread Petrarch's fame abroad, was dedicated to Alexander Farnese, duke of Parma. Usque also wrote some Italian verse, including a poem on the Creation entitled Canzone sull' opera de' sei giorni; this was included in an anthology compiled by Cristoforo Zabata (Genoa, 1572). Usque was also active in Constantinople, where he is known to have engaged in Hebrew printing in collaboration with Abraham Ashkenazi in 1560–61. In 1595 at the request of the English ambassador, Usque wrote a report on events in Turkey after the death of Sultan Muted III which was closely studied by Queen Elizabeth's ministers in London. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Roth, Gleanings (1967), 179–99; Piattelli, in: RMI, 34 (1968), 163–72.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Usque, Solomon (Luistano, Salusque) — (c. 1530 95)    Portuguese poet. He lived in Italy and Turkey. In collaboration with Lazzaro di Granziano Levi, he wrote the earliest known Jewish drama in the vernacular, a Purim play in Spanish. He also published a Spanish translation of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • USQUE, ABRAHAM — USQUE, ABRAHAM, Marrano printer. Born in Portugal and known there as Duarte Pinel (Pinhel), Usque fled from the Inquisition shortly after 1543, established himself at Ferrara, and became associated with the press established by the Spanish ex… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • USQUE, SAMUEL — (16th century), Portuguese Marrano. All that is known about Usque comes from his Consolaçam as tribulaçoens de Israel ( Consolation for the Tribulations of Israel , Ferrara. 1553; second ed., Amsterdam, 1599). This unusual work reveals that the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Solomon Ibn Verga — (or Salomón ben Verga , 15th 16th century) (Hebrew: שלמה אבן וירגה) was a Spanish historian and physician. His relationship to Judah ibn Verga cannot be determined; it is certain, however, that he was not the son of the latter, for he never… …   Wikipedia

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  • HISTORIOGRAPHY — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the bible second temple period chronicles of the jews early middle ages spanish and portuguese sixteenth to the seventeenth centuries systematic histories early studies the wissenschaft …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PUBLISHING — This article is arranged according to the following outline: general publishing The Dutch Jerusalem in germany and austria in scandinavia in italy in france in czechoslovakia in yugoslavia in romania in hungary in poland in russia in spain and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SEPHARDIM — (Heb. סְפָרַדִּים, sing. סְפָרַדִּי, Sephardi), descendants of Jews who lived in Spain or Portugal before the expulsion of 1492. (The term Sephardim is often erroneously used for other Jews of non Ashkenazi origin.) sepharad , mentioned in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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